April 3, 2012, am What a nice discussion;-) Off course that race and ethnicity are two different terms (however it is not obvious for some US federal bureaus and administrative institutions e.g. Race as we’re taught and trained to perceive by our scientists is biological phenomena.OK – some people and other animals differ morphologically and the “types” and phenotypes are observable.Almost never does one group (racial or ethnic) have a trait that is missing in the rest of humanity.Our physical differences—skin color, facial features, hair texture— actually represent ancestral adaptations to different environments.Typically, if people believe they descend from a particular group, and they want to be associated with that group, then they are in fact members of that group.Races are assumed to be distinguished by skin color, facial type, etc.This is, by definition, a fluid concept; ethnic groups can be broadly or narrowly construed.
You can have more than one ethnicities but you are said to have one race, even if it's "mixed race".
Ethnicity connotes shared cultural traits and a shared group history.
Some ethnic groups also share linguistic or religious traits, while others share a common group history but not a common language or religion.
Another example is the Indian subcontinent — Indians may be considered one ethnic group but there are actually dozens of cultural traditions and subgroups like Gujarati, Punjabi, Bengali, and Tamil that are also bona fide ethnic groups.
Yet another example is people in Great Britain — they may be considered British, or more precisely English, Scottish or Welsh.