Dating and marriage customs in egypt
Among the major geographical features of Egypt are the Nile River and the Suez Canal, which joins the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, and also separates Egypt proper from Sinai.
The highest point is Mount Catherine in the Sinai, at 8,743 feet (2,665 meters). Rainfall is not adequate to sustain agriculture or a settled population, and water instead comes from the Nile.
To the north is the Mediterranean Sea, and to the east the Red Sea.
Egypt is separated from Libya and North Africa by the western desert, from Palestine and Israel by the desert of the Sinai Peninsula, and from the centers of population in the Sudan by desert except along the narrow Nile River.
The 1996 population represented a 21.7 percent increase over the 1986 population.
The annual growth rate was calculated at 2.1 percent, down from 2.8 percent in the period of 1976–1986.
Egypt is the internationally used name but not the name used by the people of the country.
It derives from the Greek Aegyptos, which in turn probably comes from ancient Egyptian words referring to the land ( Hut-ka-ptah, or "house of the essence [ka] of Ptah," a local god).
Most of the Christians belong to the Coptic Orthodox Church, the historic church of Egypt, but minorities within the minority are Catholic or Protestant, or derive from the churches of the Levant (Maronite, Greek Orthodox, Greek Catholic).
There are a few small linguistic minorities, of which the largest is the Nubians, who speak two Nubian languages (Kenuz and Mahas) related to the Nilo-Saharan languages of the Sudan.
They represent less than 1 percent of Egypt's population, and are concentrated around Aswan.
After the dam, the Nile continues to flow north in a single channel paralleled by irrigation canals until it reaches Cairo, 550 miles (860 kilometers) away. The Nile breaks into two main channels, the western Rosetta branch and the eastern Damietta branch, for the final 120 miles (200 kilometers) before the water reaches the Mediterranean.
The two main regions of Egypt are thus the Valley, or Sa'id, in the south, and the Delta in the north, separated by Cairo at the apex of the Delta.